This week summarizes some new studies looking at autism traits and autism diagnosis in girls with anorexia nervosa. While the two disorders may seem different on the outset, they do share some behavioral features. Unfortunately, most studies look at autism in those with anorexia, not the other way around. However, what is known is that there is not only higher levels of ASD traits in girls with anorexia, about 10% of girls with anorexia also have an autism diagnosis. This number can only be trusted if you look at both standardized observation instruments AND parental report. Studies determining the rates of eating disorders in autism are desperately needed for better treatment of symptoms.
As always, good news and bad news in autism this week. First the good news: an intervention given between 9-14 months of age in children with a high probability of having an autism diagnosis improved autism symptoms at 3 years of age. Now the bad: mothers who experience severe childhood abuse are more likely to have a child with an autism diagnosis. Why? A new study explains it might have a lot to do with autism traits in the parents. We would love to hear your thoughts on the results, please provide them in the comment section.
Last week CNN.com reported on a study that showed slight improvement of autism symptoms in children that received a single infusion of their own umbilical cord blood. While the study was interesting, the authors were the first to acknowledge the limitations, however, this did not stop the media from misrepresenting the results. Details are explained in this podcast. In addition, a big win this week for precision or personalized medicine: different symptoms and different genetic mutations are linked to different outcomes from different anti-seizure medications.
On Thursday, March 30th the Autism Science Foundation held their 4th Annual Day of Learning in NYC. If you were not able to attend and can’t wait for the videos of the talks, this week’s podcast attempts to summarize what was presented.
A list of the talks are:
- Autism Research: Where Are We Now? – Dr. Wendy Chung (Simons Foundation)
- Housing Options for Adults with Autism – Amy Lutz (EASI Foundation)
- Improving Communication Between Parents of Children with Autism and Teachers – Dr. David Mandell (University of Pennsylvania)
- Developing Clinical Biomarkers – Dr. James McPartland – (Yale University)
- Understanding Modifiable Autism Risk Factors – Dr. Craig Newschaffer (Drexel University)
- Helping People with Autism Develop Practical Skills – Dr. Celine Saulnier (Emory University)
- New Technologies to Improve Autism Diagnosis – Dr. Robert Schultz (Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia)
- Understanding the Female Protective Effect – Dr. Donna Werling (University of California, San Francisco)
David Mandell’s presentation on parent/teacher communication was based, in part, on this publication: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4676744/